The Fertility Center

A blog about fertility issues, treatments and trends from the specialists at Greenwich Fertility.

May 8, 2018

Medical Issues That Can Cause Female Infertility

By Laura Meyer, M.D.

According to the American Pregnancy Association, female infertility factors contribute to approximately 50% of all infertility cases. In addition to advanced age, the most common causes of female infertility include: Problems with ovulation, damage to the fallopian tubes or uterus, or problems with the cervix.

Here are some reproductive related medical issues that can cause infertility:

Endometriosis is a condition where the glands that line the inside of the uterus are located outside of the uterus. This disease can cause painful menstrual periods, blood-filled ovarian cysts, tubal scarring and infertility.

One of the most common treatment options  for endometriosis is laparoscopic excision surgery. Laparoscopic excision surgery is where they carefully excise, or remove, the entire lesion from wherever it grows.

Uterine Fibroids
A uterine fibroid is a mass that grows in and around the uterine cavity. This can cause irregular bleeding, heavy menstrual periods, miscarriage and infertility.

When it comes to treating Uterine Fibroids, there are numerous treatment options. The most common treatments are medication, non-invasive MRI-guided ultrasound surgery, and traditional surgical procedures.

Uterine Polyps
Uterine polyps are growths attached to the inner wall of the uterus. Polyps can cause abnormal bleeding, heavier menstrual periods, miscarriage and infertility.

They are usually removed by shaving them out of the uterus with a hysteroscopic approach, which is a telescope camera that is placed through the vagina into the uterus. The recovery time is short since there isn’t an incision.

Asherman Syndrome
Asherman Syndrome is a rare condition that can occur in women who have had several dilation and curettage procedures or a severe pelvic infection unrelated to surgery. Typical symptoms of Asherman Syndrome include lighter menstrual periods with less bleeding than in the past, or in extreme cases, no menstrual bleeding at all.

Uterine Septum
A uterine septum is an upside-down, triangular shaped piece of tissue, which divides all or part of the uterine cavity in two. The tissue is a left over remnant from normal, embryonic uterine development and is most commonly discovered with a hysterosalpingogram. After surgical removal of the tissue, a woman should be able to carry her next pregnancy to term.


If you and your partner are experiencing issues with conceiving, contact the fertility specialists at Greenwich Fertility today for a consultation!

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